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美联英语怎么样:状语从句的翻译技巧(下)

2015-02-04 09:04   类别:阅读   来源:   责编:Dong

本期美联英语给大家带来状语从句的翻译,欢迎阅读!

4.There is a virtual limit on how long we can hope to remain alive,however lucky and robust we are。

  该句分为两部分:(There is a virtual limit on how long we can hope to remain alive, ) (however lucky and robust we are。),第一部分是主句,第二部分是however引导的让步状语从句;主句中on...alive是介词短语,作limit的后置定语,how引导的从句是介词on的宾语,该从句的主语是we,谓语是can hope to remain,表语是alive;让步状语从句的主语是we,谓语是are,表语是lucky and robust。这句话翻译时也要将从句提前,然后再译主句。

  参考译文:不管我们多么幸运,多么健壮,我们所希望的长寿年龄实际上是有限度的。

  5. While the roots of social psychology lie in the intellectual soil of the whole western civilization, its present flowering is recognized to be characteristically an American phenomenon。

  该句可拆分为两部分:(While the roots of social psychology lie in the intellectual soil of the whole western civilization,) (its present flowering is recognized to be characteristically an American phenomenon. ),第一部分是以While引导的让步状语从句,第二部分是主句;从句中,主语是the roots,谓语是lie in,of social psychology是roots的后置定语,the intellectual...western civilization是介词in的宾语,of the whole western civilization是soil 的后置定语;主句的主语是its present flowering,其中的its指代前面的roots,谓语是is recognized,不定式to be...an American phenomenon作主语flowering的补足语。

  2001年英译汉试题: 75. And home appliances will also become so smart that controlling and operating them will result in the breakout of a new psychological disorder-kitchen rage.

  词的处理

  home appliance 家用电器;result in 导致;psychological disorder 心理混乱;kitchen rage 厨房狂躁症

  完整译文:家用电器将会变得如此智能化,以至于控制和操作它们会引发一种新的心理疾病-厨房狂躁症。

  2004年英译汉试题: 63. The newly described languages were often so strikingly different from the well studied languages of Europe and Southeast Asia that some scholars even accused Boas and Sapir of fabricating their data.

  完整译文:这些新近被描述的语言与已经得到充分研究的欧洲和东南亚地区的语言往往差别显著,以至于有些学者甚至指责Boas和Sapir编造材料。

  1998年英译汉试题: 75. Odd though it sounds, cosmic infaltion is a scientifically plausible consequence of some respected ideas in elementary particle physics, and many astrophysicists have been convinced for the better part of a decade that it is true.

  词的处理:

  cosmic infaltion 宇宙膨胀说;scientifically plausible consequence 科学上可信的推论;elementary particle physics 基本粒子物理学

  完整译文:宇宙膨胀理论虽然听似奇特,但它是基本粒子物理学中一些公认的理论在科学上可信的推论。许多天体物理学家七八年来一直以为这一论述是正确的。

更多精彩内容尽在绍兴美联英语:http://sx.enguo.com

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