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美联英语怎么样:专四阅读理解及其应对策略

2015-02-12 14:21   类别:学习方法   来源:   责编:Dong

本期美联英语给大家带来专四阅读理解及其应对策略,欢迎阅读!

一、专四阅读理解十大话题

  社会话题:如商场偷窃(2004),体育商业化(2002)

  教育话题:如儿童择校(2001),大学教育(1997),教学方法(1997),

  科技话题:如轻型飞机(1993), 昆虫思维(1994),

  人物传记;某小说家(1992),个人历史(1996),姓氏溯源(2000)

  历史研究:北爱尔兰问题(1992),法国变化(1993)

  妇女话题:夫妻关系(2001),家电与妇女(2002)

  种族话题:民族矛盾(1998)

  自然话题:雪崩(1996),海啸(1997),潮汐(1992)

  健康话题:饮酒与心脏病(1995),

  经济话题:如瑞士银行(2000),中国经济特区(2004)

  二、阅读理解五种材料

  说明文、记叙文、议论文、描写文、应用文 (尤其是新闻报道)

  三、题型分析及应对策略

  1.主旨类

  (1)What is the main idea (subject) of this passage

  (2)What does this passage mainly (primarily)concerned

  (3)The main theme of this passage is ___________.

  (4)The main point of the passage is__________.

  (5)Which of the following is the best title for the passage

  (6)The title that best expresses the theme of the passage is ___________.

  (7)On which of the following subject would the passage most likely be found in a textbook

  (8)The purpose of the writer in writing this passage _________.

  (9)Which of the following best describes the passage as a whole

  应对策略:跳读(skimming)文章的开头、结尾及段落的首句和尾句。主旨应该是宏观的,但有不能失之空泛。

  2.态度类

  (1)What‘s the writer’s attitude to …

  (2)What‘s the tone of the passage

  (3)The author‘s view is _______

  (4)The writer‘s attitude of .this passage is apparently _________-

  (5)The author suggests that _________

  (6)According to author __________

  应对策略:有的文章观点明确,基调清楚,这时跳读(skimming)文章的开头、结尾及段落的首句和尾句。而另一些则需要阅读时对某些细节仔细琢磨。尤其应注意有些表明作者观点词汇,如形容词、副词等。

  3.细节类

  (1)Which of the following is NOT true according to the information in the passage

  (2) Which of the following is mentioned in the passage

  (3) What is the example of . . . as described in the passage

  (4) The author mentions all of the following except . . .

  (5) The reason for . . .is . . .

  (6) The author states that . . .

  (7) According to the passage, when (where, why, how, who, etc. ) ……

  应对策略:寻读(scanning)出现关键词的相应段落,四个答案中相同的词即为关键词。仔细对比答案与文中相应细节。

  4.推理类

  (1)The writer implies but not directly states that__________-.

  (2) It can be inferred from the passage that_________.

  (3) The author strongly suggests that__________ .

  (4) It can be concluded from the passage that________.

  (5) The passage is intended to__________ .

  (6)The writer indicates that__________ .

  应对策略:推理类题,可能是针对文章整体也可能是针对某个细节。如果是前者,跳读(skimming)文章的开头、结尾及段落的首句和尾句。即可得出答案。如果是后者,寻读(scanning)相应段落并仔细研读相应细节。

  4.词汇类

  (1)According to the author ,the word “…”means_______.

  (2)Which of the following is nearest in meaning to “…”

  (3)The term “……”in paragraph… can be best replaced by …。

  (4)What‘s the meaning of “…”in line …of paragraph…。

  (5)As used in the line …, the word “…”refers to _______.

  应对策略:寻读(scanning)定位相关词的出处。根据上下文与词的构造来猜测。最好将四个选项带回文中,看看哪一个最合适。即使不是生词,也应当作生词来猜。

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  5.指代类

  (1)What does “it” refers to in Line 2, Paragraph 5

  (2)What does “they” satnd for in Line 3, Paragraph 2

  (3) What does “their” satnd for in Line 3, Paragraph 2

  (4) What does “its” refer to in Line 3, Paragraph 2

  应对策略:寻读(scanning),定位相关代词的出处,离它最近且单复数一致的名词即是。注意英语中“they”既可指代人也可指代物。

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